Many do not even suspect that there is a blue rose. Meanwhile, the English writer Rudyard Kipling dedicated a cycle of poems to this beautiful flower, and breeders from all over the world are "fighting" for the right to own the variety corresponding to this name. From the article you will learn how to get a blue flower at home.
Are there blue roses in nature?
Blue roses are found on store shelves, but the question is: can you find seedlings or seeds of such a plant? You need to target varieties with the prefix "blue" in the name. True, in fact, such flowers will not be blue, but lilac. It is unrealistic to grow a blue plant on a personal plot.
To date, breeders have managed to bring out climbing roses, the inflorescences of which are painted in a delicate lavender shade. If the plant is properly cared for, its inflorescences may temporarily turn bluish.
Video "How to paint a rose"
In this video, you will learn how to properly paint a rose at home.
Artificial flower coloring methods
As for the plants on store shelves, they are obtained by dyeing. To do this, use various methods:
- food colorings;
- spray paint;
- potassium permanganate;
- methylene blue solution;
- copper sulfate.
These techniques are suitable for cut flowers that must be immediately soaked in water or sprayed with paint.
Methylene blue solution
The people call this solution "blue". It can be used to color freshly cut inflorescences. To do this, add the solution to water in a ratio of one milliliter to one glass. Do not overdo it with concentration, as you can get a dark shade.
Copper sulfate can be used to fertilize the soil. To do this, always add a little powder to the water before each watering. You should not use this method for sprinkling indoor plants, as this substance emits harmful vapors that are dangerous to human health.
Bury objects made of this metal or copper powder in the rose garden near the roots of the plants. This substance has a blue-staining effect on roses. However, it is difficult to predict the shade that will turn out in the end, because it can be dark blue or sky blue. The result depends on the amount of metal, its distance to the roots, as well as impurities in the product.
This method can be used for both cut and bush flowers. To do this, add the dye to the irrigation water or to the vase containing the buds. Depending on the amount of dye, you can vary the degree of color saturation of the petals.
Rose varieties similar in color
In nature, there are several varieties of roses that belong to the category "blue". However, in reality, their hue will be closer to purple than blue.
The buds of this variety are flat, with double ends, a lilac-blue hue. This variety has virtually no thorns, which makes it easy to care for. It grows in the form of a small bush that scatters branches at a breakneck speed. Shoots appear every day and are immediately covered with inflorescences. If you have a good stock, you can leave the bushes for the winter without cover.
A feature of the variety is the small amount of foliage. During the period of abundant flowering of the rose, the leaves are not at all visible, so from afar it seems that the bush is covered with small clouds.
Rhapsody in blue
Differs in constant and abundant flowering, in addition, there is the possibility of short pruning. It is impossible not to mention the pleasant aroma that the flower possesses, as well as the intense growth. This hybrid bush grows up to a meter, which gives additional opportunities for use.
The buds of the plant are terry, lilac, have about three dozen petals. Flat conical inflorescences have a white center with bright stamens.
Charles de gaulle
This variety is famous for its violet-blue hue, original shape and pleasant aroma. The buds reach 10 cm in diameter. They have about 35 double petals. Each petal is dense, so the bud retains its attractive appearance for a long time. Due to these properties, florists use this variety for making bouquets. The bush grows an average of 70 cm, spreads moderately.
The color of this flower is deep, purple. It can change saturation depending on the conditions in which it grows. Inflorescences are small, terry, exude a pleasant aroma. The bushes gradually bloom throughout the season.
This tea rose has a large number of golden stamens and semi-double petals. The bush grows up to a meter, it is most often used as a hedge or planted on curbs. For active flowering, the place must be well lit.
This hybrid has a pastel purple hue and a lilac scent. Flowers grow singly, their diameter is about 10 cm. Bushes grow up to 1.5 m, they love warmth. If you do not provide good shelter during the cold period, the rose will freeze.
A lot of light is needed for the development of this variety. It blooms in phases - from late spring to mid-autumn. Delicate lavender buds with terry edging are grown in flower beds or in greenhouses.
This variety owes its name to its noble and strong aroma. A small bush grows large buds, the diameter of which reaches 12 cm. The shade of flowers can vary from silver to pale purple. The bush blooms in mid-spring; in suitable conditions, the aroma only intensifies.
This plant is distinguished by a strong pleasant smell, which remains even when dried. The buds are oval, rather wide. Inflorescences are large, terry. On the outer edge of the petals there is a pink edging, which is harmoniously combined with the lilac shade of the flower.
The shade of the flower depends on the composition of the soil. To achieve a noble lavender color, the soil must be fertilized.
Leaves do not grow at the bottom of the bushes, which must be taken into account when planting. Flowering begins in early summer and ends with the first cold snaps.
This tea hybrid has a bluish purple hue. The flowers are large, neat in shape. The bushes are tough and the leaves are dark green. The plant has many thorns.
As you can see, blue roses do not exist in nature. You can plant one of the varieties that belongs to the "blue" group on your site, or you can create a blue rose on your own. Keep in mind that the artificially created color can wash out of the buds over time and stain the water in the vase.
Blue roses varieties
I am sharing another interesting article! Magazine "Magic Garden".
Blue roses are a long-held dream of breeders. All attempts to create roses of heavenly color ended in obtaining varieties of lilac-violet gamut. The pure blue color remained unattainable in height.
And finally, years of breeding work were crowned with success: scientists working for the Japanese corporation "Suntory" (Suntory) created real blue roses. Thanks to genetic engineering, their petals are bright blue.
Why did the blue color turn out to be so capricious?
The chromosomes of the rose lack the gene for the blue pigment delphinidin, which determines the color of a number of flowers (for example, delphinium), berries and vegetables (in particular, there is a lot of it in the peel of eggplants).
However, scientists from Satori isolated a gene that is responsible for the blue color of pansies, and introduced it into the structure of the pink plant. As a result, this wonderful color appeared.
At first, they plan to sell only cut flowers for festive expensive bouquets. They will be fabulously expensive, and only people with big money will be able to buy them ... When the flowers appear on the free sale is a big question, especially the seedlings that can be propagated. So far, no one has seen them on sale.
Where do the sellers from the market take blue roses from, because in the pictures they have cornflower-blue flowers? Photo 7.
Cheating again! Reprint from the Internet or ordinary photoshop, that is, roses, repainted using a computer, it can set any color!
In the same way, blue lilies, peonies and dahlias (in the pictures) are obtained. These plants do not have blue color!
All we can count on is lilac purple. But, if that were the case. Most likely, not even a lilac-blue rose will grow from a purchased rose, but a white or pink one. If you want to take the risk, you can buy on the market, but most likely this is a hoax.
There are no varieties of pure blue roses yet. Everything that is available today is called "conditionally blue". You need to buy such roses in nurseries or write them out by mail. Several blue varieties are known.
Mainzer Fastnacht (Mainzer Fastnacht, Blue Moon, Sissy, Blue Girl, Blue Monday), Tantau Germany, 1964.
Rhapsody in Blue (Rhapsody in Blue), Cowlishaw / Warner, 2002. In music, rhapsody means beautiful and romantic. Indeed, this rose evokes a dreamy mood.
Rhapsody in blue one of the closest blue roses to date. A recognizable rose, unlike any other (photo 1). The flowers are purple-violet, with a white center and golden stamens, semi-double, in brushes, fade to pale gray-lilac with age. The flowers are fragrant, which additionally adds romance. The bush is upright, up to 120 cm, the flowers are easy to look at and admire.
I must say that the peculiarity of the variety is that it is able to gain decorativeness: with age, the flowers become larger, and the flowering is more abundant. Compare photos 1 and 4. Only in the third year does the bush become a real "Rhapsody". And, of course, a lot depends on the care. Blue roses, like the rest, love clean, loose soil and top dressing.
Novalis (Novalis, Poseidon) W. Kordes & Sons Germany, 2010. Rose from the Floribunda group. Tall, dense bud (up to 40 petals or more). The flowers are fragrant and bloom in small, bowl-shaped clusters. The marginal petals have a purple hue (photo 2).
As it blooms, the petals brighten and turn purple-blue (photo 3). Blooming in waves during the season. The bush is dense, the shoots look upright. Awards: gold and silver medals, ADR certificate. In bad weather, the rose needs protection from disease. Flowers may wilt when it rains.
Lavender Dream (Lavender Dream), (Interplant, 1985). A very cute rose. The bush is small, up to 60 cm, and has good vigor. New shoots grow constantly and bloom quickly. The flowers are semi-double, medium-sized, but numerous, with a pleasant aroma. This rose is a good option when you need to make a transition from a rose garden to other flowers or a lawn. Due to the small colors, this transition will be very harmonious. The flowers are light, bluish-purple in color, bloom almost all summer. The dignity of this variety has few thorns on it.
Charles de Gaulle (Charles de Gaulle), Meilland, 1975 Beautiful flower shape, intense aroma add to the charm of the unusual color. The petals are translucent, pale bluish-purple. The flowers are very large (10 cm), double (35 petals). A medium-sized bush (up to 90 cm), moderately spreading, with decorative foliage.
Roses with a blue tint look unusual. This is what they attract. The sophisticated blue color is less visible during the day and more pronounced in the evening or in the shade.
But do not plant a bush completely in the shade. The rose must live in the sun. It is acceptable if for several hours (at noon or in the evening) the plant is covered by the shadow of a tree or structure.
For maximum effect, blue roses should be planted in groups. Their delicate, elusive shades need support. In a group of three or four bushes, they will support each other with color.
The combination with partners of gentle, unobtrusive shades is also successful. These can be small pink roses or ground cover flowers such as thyme.
But you should not plant pure blue and blue flowers next to roses. In combination with them, "conditionally blue" always lose.
Blue roses, even if "conditional", will add variety to your garden, fill it with a mysterious and romantic mood. Skillfully highlighting such a rare color, you will make them a masterpiece of your garden.
Blue rose at their summer cottage: making the dreams of gardeners come true
Winter is coming and the nights are getting longer ... it's time to succumb to the seasonal blues. Wait a bit. Right now is the best time for hygge. HYGGE is a great idea from Denmark. Everything here is about how to enjoy the moments, from the little things. For example, coffee in your favorite cup, bright flowers on the table, dinner with loved ones, and always (always!) Lots of candles.
According to statistics, the Danes use the most candles in the world per person! Candles are important as a hygge symbol. They always create coziness and a special atmosphere. Silent efforts in the selection and search - and now in your house there is already real magic.
Hygge is about freedom and awareness. It's about living every minute and being grateful for every minute. Ask yourself: How am I feeling now? Will it be remembered for me?
Hygge is a truly deep concept that boils down to a simple thought. Happiness is not about clothes, shopping and likes. Happiness is always in emotions, experience, sensations.
How does this philosophy fit into the SAD?
In fact, bringing Hygge to the garden is much easier than to the home. After all, here we have much less restrictions and much more space for experiments. Even in winter, there are many ways to enjoy nature: sights, smells, sounds, sensations ... Let's take a closer look:
1. More comfort
Comfort is a key principle of Hugge. Take a close look at your garden. Do you have a specific vacation spot? Is it comfortable? And in fact?
I've been in gardens where the resting place is a small coffee table and a couple of garden chairs. From the outside it all looks infinitely cute. Then you sit down and realize that this is the most uncomfortable place in the world.
In my own garden, we also went this way at first. There were chairs near the pond and everything was fine ... but something was missing. I thought, and decided to put a small table and an outdoor sofa here. We now spend much more time here. There is something special and unifying in this space.
The easiest way to create a cozy garden is to organize a seating area by the fire. Most of us do not have a fireplace in the house; it is much easier to admire the fire outside. All you need for a homemade outdoor fireplace is a deep metal bowl and some wood. Now it remains to call friends, wrap up in blankets and make cocoa. Your hygge is ready.
2. View from windows
In winter, it is not always possible to go out into the garden, so it is important to think about what you will be watching from the window. Any view from the window can be perceived as a picture, framed.
Go to every room, look through every window and analyze what can be done? Where should you add color? What should the viewer's attention be focused on? Correct imperfections and bring your pictures to mind.
Now, every time you look out the window, you will perceive the space a little differently.
When focusing on pictures, don't forget about the details. A terracotta pot with viola, a small sculpture in the grass - all this is not difficult at all, but so important. It is the details that leave the aftertaste and bring that very Hugge pleasure.
Fragrances are an equally important part of the atmosphere. It is very easy to use scents in the garden, even in winter.Remember, for example, conifers? Do you know what fir or juniper smells like?
Among the most fragrant flowers, flowering shrubs and trees are:
- lily of the valley,
- fragrant pelargonium,
- rose flower,
- apple tree, etc.
In addition, a great idea for a garden exuding a magical scent is to plant herbs along with ornamental crops:
TOP 5 perennial and annual flowers
Flowers are a wonderful decoration for a summer cottage, without them creating an interesting landscape design is extremely problematic. We will tell you about the most popular and successful colors with which you can decorate your personal plot.
Let's start with perennials, they have a number of clear advantages:
- Do not need a permanent transplant.
- They are not afraid of temperature changes.
- Undemanding for wintering (some will have to be dug up and stored in a cool place, others can remain in the ground until spring).
- Easily propagated and grown.
TOP 5 perennial flowers for summer cottages
A perennial flower of the Amaryllis family, it begins to bloom in early spring. About 25 species are cultivated, including tubular, double, small and large-crowned, cyclomenoid and others.
Daffodils: planting and care
- Planting with pear-shaped bulbs, you can propagate by dividing the bulb into 4-6 parts.
- Daffodils love bright ambient light and moisture.
- It is not necessary to spray, but it is better to protect it from drafts.
- You can not transplant for 3-5 years.
- The soil needs fertile, of any kind, but daffodils do not like fertilization with manure. It is best to fertilize the soil a year before planting the bulbs.
- Most often planted in August.
By the way, daffodils can be of different colors and shapes, so your flower bed will definitely not be of the same type or boring!
A herbaceous plant that belongs to the Agapant family. In natural conditions, it grows on the sea coast. It has a powerful root system, linear leaves, and the length of the peduncle can reach 1 meter. There are several varieties of agapanthus: umbrella, oriental, bell-shaped. With free pollination, plant hybrids often appear.
Agapanthus: planting and care
- Agapanthus loves good lighting, abundant watering from spring to autumn.
- Feed with mineral fertilizers every two weeks from spring to October.
- Agapanthus loves clay-sod soil.
- It is better to replant plants every 3-4 years.
- Sprinkle with plenty of leaf or sawdust in autumn.
- In very cold climates, the plant is removed for the winter in a cellar or basement.
Bulbous perennial of the Asparagus family, in natural conditions grows in forest glades and mountain slopes. Flowers can grow up to 40 cm in height, they have a pleasant aroma. Muscari is a frequent visitor to rock gardens. There are about 60 varieties of muscari: crested, aciniform, terry, bell-shaped and others. Depending on the variety, muscari can bloom from April to September.
Muscari: planting and leaving
- They love good lighting, loose soil, and abundant watering.
- Provided that the plant is regularly fed, it is possible not to transplant for 5 or more years.
- The culture is propagated by dividing the bulbs into several parts.
- For the winter, the bulbs are not dug up, it is enough to bury them in the ground.
Herbaceous perennial, belongs to the Liliaceae family. Not capricious, can grow in one place for at least 15 years. Several thousand varieties are known, including hybrid ones. The most popular are terry, fragrant, deciduous, daylily spider.
Daylily: planting and care
- They love good lighting very much - then all the beauty of the inflorescences is revealed.
- Any garden soil is suitable for the soil, which must be periodically fertilized with compost and mineral fertilizers.
- If there is no good drainage, the daylily bed should be raised.
- New plants are planted in spring or autumn; for the winter, the daylily can be left in the garden, but mulch the soil.
- If the bush has become less fruitful, it needs to be planted or transplanted to another place.
Perennial curly flower of the legume family. It is a treelike vine with abundant inflorescences. This genus includes 9 species, but most often you can find Japanese and Chinese wisteria in the garden. The height of the vine reaches 15 meters. Flowers - lilac, white or purple with a characteristic aroma. It begins to bloom at the end of March and can please the eye all summer long.
Wisteria: planting and care
- Seeds are planted in November-December and grown in a room on a windowsill; they can be transferred to the ground in early spring.
- Wisteria loves a sunny space that is protected from drafts.
- The soil should be weak alkaline and drainage.
- Watering is moderate, wisteria can be in one place for 10 or more years.
It is important to know that wisteria blooms for the first time at the age of 2-3 years, all the buds open at the same time and bloom profusely.
TOP 5 annual flowers for summer cottages
Annual crops will have to be planted every year, but your garden will have variety and room for experimentation.
There are annual and perennial crops. Chrysanthemums belong to the Astrov family. This is a semi-shrub (less often a herbaceous plant) with a basket inflorescence. There are over 150 species of chrysanthemums, both with small and large flowers. The most popular: alpine, crowned, keeled, shrub, Chinese, terry.
Chrysanthemums: planting and care
- They love bright diffused light, abundant watering.
- The best soil is a soft sod substrate.
- During active growing season, chrysanthemum can be sprayed twice a day.
- Blooms from late summer to October.
Interesting! In Japan, an order is named after this flower, which is given only for important services to the state.
This plant is also called capuchin, it is a bright representative of the Nasturtiev family. There are more than 90 species of plants, in its natural environment it is a perennial, but nasturtium cannot winter in our latitudes. This is a semi-shrub or liana with semi-double, double and simple flowers of irregular shape.
Nasturtium: planting and care
- It reproduces by seed, they are sown in open land in May. Pour with warm water and cover with foil - seedlings will appear within 2 weeks.
- Nasturtium is planted in a flowerbed with good lighting with slightly acidic fertile soil.
- It is important to ensure drainage as the plant has a weak root system.
- Blooms from late July to September.
A bright undersized plant of the genus Portulacovs, perfect for decorating borders and alpine slides. There are about 100 varieties of purslane, but only one grows in our latitudes - the large-flowered purslane. This is an annual that, even under cover, cannot withstand winters. Its height does not exceed 30 cm. Purslane has a well-developed root system, fleshy leaves, bright flowers. The flowering period is from June to September. Despite the fact that by the evening the flower fades, there are so many inflorescences on the plant that the flowering becomes continuous.
Purslane: planting and care
No special care is required: it is enough to provide the plant with timely abundant watering and plant it in a place protected from drafts.
A tall herb that belongs to the Buttercup family. There are more than 40 species, of which the most popular are the Ajax field and delphinium. Delphinium will decorate any flower garden: it is quite tall, blooms from June to September, and bright blue, pink and purple flowers are difficult to confuse with something else.
Delphinium: planting and care
- It is imperative to plant seeds in a sunny place, the soil must have drainage, otherwise the roots will simply rot.
- Be sure to fertilize with humus or mulch the ground with peat.
- Regular watering and feeding every 10 days is a guarantee that the flowering will be long and abundant.
This is a vine, which belongs to the Vyunkov family. In tropical latitudes, it is a perennial, but only one season grows on a personal plot. An ornamental plant can be up to 5 meters long. It has bushy stems and large flowers with elongated legs, similar to the trumpet of a gramophone. Popular varieties are Cairo morning glory, purple, tricolor, ivy, moon-flowering.
Morning glory: planting and care
- Ipomoea from seeds is grown on a windowsill and transferred to open ground in May-June.
- The distance between the shoots should be at least 20 cm, be sure to provide a support - a lattice or a stretched mesh.
- The soil should be well-drained, and the morning glory should be fed every 2-3 weeks.
- It blooms from July to September.
Important! Before choosing plants for a summer residence, it is worth making a preliminary planting plan, taking into account the type of plants (low, medium or tall), their preferences in moisture, the amount of light, soil - and by these criteria, select the "inhabitants" of the flower bed.
Experiment and decorate the site to your liking!
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This is a mysterious, philosophical garden dominated by canonical attributes and plants with decorative leaves. All elements, buildings, accessories should give the impression of old, ancient. This is water, a lot of natural stone, rock gardens, bamboo, moss, Japanese stone lanterns, simple forms of buildings, asymmetry in everything.
Perennials and flowers:
hosta, astilbe, ferns, rogersia, rhubarb, various sedges and cereals, brunner, meadowsweet, daylily, irises, various chrysanthemums, onions, lilies of the valley, wild garlic, buzulnik, peonies, bulbous flowers of "natural" species, bamboo (you can replace it with black alder varieties "Imperialis").
Hope this cheat sheet helps you create your dream garden - vibrant, stylish, and spectacular. Happy experiments!