How to properly plant dill and parsley in the country

How to properly plant dill and parsley in the country

Dill and parsley are the most common herbs in the country. It is easy to plant and grow, it is easy to prepare the soil for planting and take care of it as well. If you follow the minimum rules for caring for greens in the garden, then lush, beautiful and fragrant greens will constantly delight you and your family with their taste.

Features of growing parsley and dill in the country

Dill is an unpretentious plant that does not need feeding during its growth. It refers to early plants that take nutrients from the soil fertilized in the fall.

You can start harvesting a month after the first shoots appear... In this case, the height of the bush will fluctuate around 20-30 cm.

In order to harvest dill for the winter, it is recommended to pull out the entire plant along with the root. And then choose those parts of the dill that you need.

Parsley, like dill, will appear a few weeks after the first shoots... But if you plant it in stages, how exactly, will be indicated later in the article, you can constantly feast on fresh herbs.

Since parsley is a cold-tolerant plant and can withstand temperatures as low as -7 degrees Celsius, it can be grown almost before the first snow appears. Even under the snow, it will be able to keep green and fragrant leaves for some time.

If you wish, you can plant parsley and dill outdoors. right on the same bed or side by side... They get along well and do not interfere with each other, if you leave enough space for the development of each individual bush.

Correct sowing dates according to the lunar calendar for 2018

To plant according to the lunar calendar parsley recommended on March 6 and 7, April 5 and 6, May 20 and 24, as well as from June 4 to 7. For dill optimal landing days are considered: from March 21 to 25, from April 19 to 23, May 26 and 27, as well as from June 17 to 22.

Preparatory work before sowing in open ground

To get a good harvest of greenery, it is recommended to properly prepare the seeds and beds for sowing them. Moreover, the preparatory work for dill and parsley has its own characteristics. And which ones, we will talk later in the article.

The process of preparing the beds for planting parsley

Prepare the beds for scattering parsley seeds directly in the season itself in the spring. It is necessary to select weeds, eliminating their root system without fail. Level the soil and prepare the furrows no more than 20 mm depth.

The distance between the beds should be about 10 cm, no more.

As for fertilizers, it is best to use them in the fall in the form of compost and humus. In spring, everything can be supplemented with urea, ammonium nitrate and a potassium-phosphorus complex.

To plant dill

It is best to prepare dill beds since autumn... To do this, you need to make rows with a depth of no more than 0.2 m, actively fertilizing them with humus and other mineral fertilizers.

With the arrival of spring, the land plot is loosened, leveled, and made in strips of furrows with a depth 20 mm... Between the individual rows it is worth keeping 0.2 m... This will be enough.

After evenly distributing the seeds over the beds, it is not necessary to sprinkle them too much, so lightly.

There is no need to water the beds with herbs for the next few days after planting, they do not like it. This can lead to the appearance of fungus as a result of excess moisture.

Seed preparation

To prepare parsley seeds for planting, it is recommended:

  • evenly put the seeds on a saucer with damp gauze and wait until the first shoots appear;
  • the seeds are then considered ready to be planted. But it is worth sowing them very carefully so as not to leave the sprouts. Otherwise, all the work will be in vain.

To prepare dill seeds for planting, it is recommended:

Before sowing, dill seeds are processed a little longer than parsley seeds. At the first stage, everything is identical. Seeds laid out on wet gauze and for several days they wait until the first shoots appear. But in this case, it is extremely important to control the temperature regime. It should be in the area +50 degrees Celsius.

The gauze should not dry out, it should be washed every 5 hours.

After three days, the seeds are treated with hot water while maintaining the temperature in the area +20 degrees and covered with gauze on top. And only after four days the first shoots will begin to appear.

Before each planting, green seeds are advised to dry and spread in well-moistened soil.

Sowing rules in soil

So that you do not need greenery, it is necessary to sow it in stages, in other words once every two weeks... If a root variety of dill and parsley is planted, a distance of 70-150 mm should be left between individual bushes, for leafy plants it should be increased to 200 mm.

In spring, when temperatures can drop significantly at night, you can cover greens with foil... This will protect it from frost. Whereas in summer for a hot climate, where most of the day the sun beats down everything in its path, it is better to plant some of the dill and parsley somewhere in the shade. This will protect the plants from premature yellowing.

Some gardeners plant both greens right in the same row. She gets along well with each other. After all, the conditions for its development and growth are, in principle, identical.

Care after landing

It is worth watering greens as needed if the ground is dry... It is better to do this after cutting the leaves. But it is important not to allow the appearance of a crust on the surface of the root. It will not bring anything good to the plants.

To avoid throwing out dill blooms ahead of time, it is recommended to water it. If the soil is constantly wet, this will not happen.

Pull out the weeds stands as they appear, while loosening the soil... Thus, you remove plants that interfere with the normal growth of greenery, and enrich the soil with oxygen.

Gardeners do not have any particular difficulties in the process of planting and developing parsley and dill. Since the greenery is unpretentious and does not require special attention.

You just need to look after the soil, water it in a timely manner, and in time to remove the weeds that parasitize the beds. Do not need anything else. If the soil is fertile, and you fertilized it with humus in the fall, you do not need to use an additional complex of fertilizers. Minimal effort and healthy greens on your table.


How to sow dill correctly - spring, winter and subwinter sowing

For some, this plant grows like a weed, appearing every now and then on the beds occupied by other crops, and someone is puzzled over how to plant dill so that the plants are not so weak and lifeless. Although this culture is considered to be unpretentious and simple enough to grow, not every gardener turns out to be lush and aromatic as they would like.


How to plant parsley in the country with photos and videos

Parsley has long and firmly occupied one of the first places among our favorite spices. You can grow two types of parsley on your plot:

  • sheet (and also curly) - to improve the taste and decorate dishes
  • root - for making sauces, pickling and pickling vegetables.

How to plant

Parsley is unpretentious, but requires a little attention. Sowing is done in April, or before winter, in November. In the second case, the parsley will begin to sprout a short time after the snow melts.

Prepare the soil correctly for planting parsley

The advantage of parsley is that it doesn't require much lighting. Before growing parsley in the country, you can choose a site for sowing both in an open sunny place and in the shade. On the sunny side, seedlings will appear earlier.

  • Place the parsley seeds on a damp cloth (preferably cheesecloth) spread on a flat plate and leave for 3-5 days. After they begin to sprout, plant in the ground.
  • Prepare the soil in your garden bed before planting. Thoroughly weed out the weeds, picking out the roots, loosen the soil, break up the clods.
  • Make grooves about 2 centimeters deep, keeping a distance of about 10 cm between them. It is better to take care of this in advance, during the autumn harvesting of the garden, when organic and mineral fertilizers are applied to the soil. In the spring, add additional urea, ammonium nitrate and potassium-phosphorus fertilizers.
  • You may not pre-soak the seeds, but sow them dry into the prepared soil. But in this case, the parsley will rise much later. For example. If the landing time is the second half of April, then noticeable shoots will appear by the end of May.
  • Cover the parsley area with plastic wrap. This will help protect the seedlings from sudden cold weather.

Be sure to water your parsley bed, especially during dry periods. This will prevent the plant from turning yellow after the leaves are cut.


How to grow parsley and dill?

It would seem that such simple garden crops are parsley and dill! However, they can far from the first time submit to the gardener, showing their difficult character, and instead of the expected lush greenery, give scanty leaves. But don't despair, just be patient and learn about some of the tricks of growing the most popular spices.

Parsley

There is a saying: "A gram of parsley is equal to a gram of gold", which is quite true, given the beneficial properties and vitamins contained in this plant. The composition of parsley includes vitamins B, K, C and PP, folic acid, which helps to maintain a good state of blood vessels, as well as essential oils and trace elements - calcium, phosphorus, iron and magnesium.

The composition of parsley contains vitamins B, K, C and PP, folic acid, which helps to maintain good vascular health.

And what is so difficult about growing parsley, you ask? And I will answer - if you break at least one of the points of agricultural technology, you can get elongated and meager leaves, as well as wasted nerves and unjustified expectations. But before we come close to considering this issue, let's focus on the choice of the type of parsley.

Root parsley

In root parsley, the main part is the root, which is similar to carrots, but has a more conical shape. It is more often used for making soups and pickles. Such parsley will not supply you with fresh herbs as abundantly as leafy ones, and the leaves themselves will be less tender and juicy to taste. But on the other hand, root parsley can winter in the ground, and in the spring give the first early greens.

Root parsley can hibernate in the ground, and in the spring give the first early greens.

If its leaves are often plucked during growth, then at the exit you can get a frail root, so you should not rely on both an inch and a root at the same time. From the root parsley in the second year, flower stalks are obtained - thus, the plant reproduces by self-sowing.

The nuances of growing root parsley

1. Place and soil. If root parsley is grown on fresh manure and heavy soil, the root will be poor. It is better if the manure was under a different crop for the first year, for example, under cucumbers, zucchini, cabbage, and only the next year it is already possible to grow parsley in this place.

2. Moisture. It is impossible for the root to dry out, then it will not be homogeneous, but "hairy". Side roots will appear on it, which will seek moisture in all directions. This is where the great capriciousness of this type of parsley, in comparison with leaf, is manifested. Root parsley also needs abundant watering at the end of August, when the root crop is being poured.

Parsley

Leaf parsley has more curved thin roots, unsuitable for food, in contrast to its root relative. However, the purpose of parsley is to generously provide you with plenty of edible greens during a short growing season. This type of parsley is more often chosen by summer residents, as they want to get more greens for making salads. And they are in a hurry to procure it for the winter, storing it in the freezer in polyethylene. Leaf parsley is more often planted in pots than root parsley and grown on windowsills. And also leaf parsley is subdivided into ordinary and curly parsley.

Leaf parsley is more often planted in pots than root parsley and grown on windowsills.

Curly parsley

Curly parsley is distinguished by a large content of green wavy mass along the edge and tender foliage. It is good because it does not lose its shape for a long time after its collection, looks aesthetically pleasing in salads, does not fade on hot dishes. Thanks to its compact and elegant shape, curly parsley will look beautiful in a pot on a windowsill, and even in a curb or on a spicy flower bed.

leafy parsley on the windowsill

root parsley with a lack of moisture

Nuances of agricultural technology

Seed preparation. Before sowing parsley seeds, you must do the soaking procedure. Since this is a crop of the umbrella family, the seed coat is covered with a film of essential oils, which must be washed off for better germination. It is these oils that can inhibit plant growth.

The seed coat is covered with a film of essential oils, which must be washed off for better germination.

Soak the seeds in hot water for a day, after placing them in a gauze bag. Change the water three times during the day. Or hold the seeds in a gauze bag under running hot water for 25 minutes, and then leave them on a damp cloth for 2-3 days to hatch.

Sowing time. You can sow in early spring and late autumn. Leaf parsley can be grown through seedlings, and carrot-like root parsley must be sown directly into the ground so that the root is not crooked.

Planting site and watering. Parsley is a shade-tolerant crop that will thrive under trees. As for the soil, it grows well on loam, and on sandy soils it dries up quickly and requires regular watering, especially if it is leaf parsley.

Seedling care. The main thing in growing parsley is to thin out the seedlings in time, which will quickly appear with a sufficient amount of moisture. After that, during the season, it is necessary to do thinning several times:

after sprouting, leave the distance between the plants about 2.5 cm
after a couple of weeks we increase the interval between shoots
for an adult parsley plant, the distance between the bushes should be 5–7 cm, and between the rows - 20 cm.

Top dressing. At an early stage of the growing season, 2-3 fertilizing with nitrogen-potassium fertilizers should be carried out in the aisles and do not forget to loosen the soil.

Dill

Fragrant dill, or garden dill, is so named because it was finely cut (sprinkled), adding to food. It is used not only to add to salads and soups, but also as a medicinal spice to treat intestinal diseases, increase appetite and normalize metabolism, as well as to increase milk secretion in nursing mothers. The special aroma of this spicy herb is given by the essential oil, which is found in all parts of the plant. A characteristic smell appears with the appearance of the fourth leaf, and the older the plant, the more it only intensifies.

Bush type of dill

One of the main features of bush dill is that lateral shoots grow in the leaf axils, like tomato stepchildren. They are well leafy, succulent, as a result, the plant looks like a bush. The rosette is raised, the leaves are at an acute angle. When harvesting leaves, you cannot pull out the dill by the root, you only need to break off the most adult leaves.And ten days later, repeat the harvest of herbs from the same bush.

Umbrella dill

The main difference between umbellate dill and bush dill is that after 30–35 days it gives a peduncle. Such dill is used mainly in marinades and preservation. Externally, the plant has only 4–6 leaves, it gives little greenery. If you tear off the tied umbrella to the leaf, then a new stem with a leaf will go out of the bosom. So you can delay the flowering of dill and give yourself some more delicate green leaves.


Growing dill in a greenhouse

The construction of a greenhouse allows you to get an early harvest of vegetables and herbs. Dill can be grown for personal use and for sale. The culture is undemanding, it grows at an average temperature of 15-17 °. In a solid building with heating, greens are grown all year round. It is most in demand during the cold season. What is needed to grow dill:

  • Loose, fertile, neutral soil.
  • An early or mid-season dill variety that will produce a large number of leaves.
  • Heat, lighting, watering.

Growing technology

Before planting, the soil is fertilized with humus, ammonium nitrate, superphosphates and potassium salt. For a quick harvest, pre-soaked and germinated seeds are taken for sowing. Grooves 2 cm deep are prepared for them, at a distance of 15-20 cm from each other. In winter, the daylight hours are short, so you will need to install lamps. In order to save money, it is recommended to use LED lamps that consume a minimum amount of electricity.

It takes about a week before the first shoots appear. Plant care consists in loosening row spacings, weeding, and regular irrigation. Watering greens is done with warm water. The air temperature must not be allowed to drop below 5-8 °. Cold negatively affects the appearance of dill and can lead to illness. The planting is thinned out with regrowth to a height of 5-10 cm. With proper care, bush varieties of dill grow up to 2.5 m in the greenhouse. To prevent the conveyor of greenery from stopping, a new dill is sown every 15 days. The yield of bush varieties is 1.8-4 kg / m 2 for greens, and 2.9-6.7 kg / m 2 for spices.

Diseases and pests can threaten crops. For preventive purposes, when planting, use only treated seeds, do not thicken the rows. The temperature in the greenhouse should be on average 17 °, humidity 55%. Ventilate the facility more often.


Parsley

Parsley has long and firmly occupied one of the first places among our favorite spices. You can grow two types of parsley on your plot:

  • sheet (as well as curly) - to improve the taste and decorate dishes
  • root - for making sauces, pickling and pickling vegetables.

How to plant

Parsley is unpretentious, but requires a little attention. Sowing is done in April, or before winter, in November. In the second case, the parsley will begin to sprout a short time after the snow melts.

Prepare the soil correctly for planting parsley

The advantage of parsley is that it doesn't require much lighting. Before growing parsley in the country, you can choose a site for sowing both in an open sunny place and in the shade. On the sunny side, seedlings will appear earlier.

  1. Place the parsley seeds on a damp cloth (preferably cheesecloth) spread on a flat plate and leave for 3-5 days. After they begin to sprout, plant in the ground.
  2. Prepare the soil in your garden bed before planting. Thoroughly weed out the weeds, picking out the roots, loosen the soil, break up the clods.
  3. Make grooves about 2 centimeters deep, keeping a distance of about 10 cm between them. It is better to take care of this in advance, during the autumn harvesting of the garden, when organic and mineral fertilizers are applied to the soil. In the spring, add additional urea, ammonium nitrate and potassium-phosphorus fertilizers.
  4. You may not pre-soak the seeds, but sow them dry into the prepared soil. But in this case, the parsley will rise much later. For example. If the landing time is the second half of April, then noticeable shoots will appear by the end of May.
  5. Cover the area with the sown parsley with plastic wrap. This will help protect the seedlings from sudden cold weather.

Be sure to water your parsley bed, especially during dry periods. This will prevent the plant from turning yellow after the leaves are cut.


Video on how to grow dill and parsley in the country

We hope these tips will help you grow parsley and dill properly to provide your diet with vitamin-rich greens. If you have any questions, please ask them in the comments. Have a nice harvest!


Watch the video: How to Grow Dill Indoors from Seed