Bonsai care

Bonsai care

Bonsai is not just a decorative green decoration in the house, it is a miniature tree, which is quite capricious, caring for it is painstaking and long, but the result obtained exceeds any expectations. Bonsai will give a small world in your home if you are already a professional in communicating with this miracle of Japan and its culture. Love for the beautiful and the unusual will help to overcome the difficulties that will arise in the first years of acquaintance with bonsai. And in a few years your world will be filled with an unusually breathtaking view of a miniature landscape.

The prototype for bonsai is taken from ordinary trees that grow in subtropical zones, in tropical zones, in the forest middle zone, as well as coniferous giants. Naturally, the first problem is related to the climate to which the original is used. If you buy bonsai yourself, then pick it closer to your habitat, it is more difficult if you were presented with such a wonderful plant.

Temperature

In the temperature regime, it is necessary to reproduce the changes corresponding to the plant. Boxwood, pomegranate, olives, myrtle - perfectly adapt to room conditions - this applies to all subtropical varieties of bonsai. A front garden, garden, balcony or just an open window will be of great benefit in the summer. Fresh air favorably influences the development and growth of this unique indoor plant.

It is better for them to survive the winter in a rather cool room, where the temperature fluctuates within +15. A well-equipped and glazed balcony is perfect for this. But for tropical trees, you must adhere to +18 in the winter, otherwise they may suffer from higher temperatures. Often, this is the temperature that is maintained in apartments in winter. The most difficult thing in organizing wintering is to withstand temperatures no higher than +10 for different types of conifers, maple, the same mountain ash. Of course, a balcony will work well, but if it is not heavily insulated. If the balcony cannot be used for various reasons, especially its absence, the reverse greenhouse method is used. The window sill, along with the bonsai, is fenced off so that as little heat as possible is supplied to the plant.

Lighting

Before installing lighting in a location next to a bonsai, it is necessary to become very familiar with the natural conditions in which the tree grows. An apartment is, of course, not a natural habitat, but you can try to get closer to it by studying the information. The most optimal location of the light will be from the east and west, so we focus on these windows. An interesting point is the direct location of the bonsai on the windowsill.

A west window means the plant will be on the right side. The east window will be more beneficial if the tree is placed on the left side. The development of bonsai will be complete for both leaves and shoots if it is turned 180 ° at least once every two weeks, or even two or three times in four weeks throughout the warm period. The cold period can lead to the appearance of very weak shoots that have lost their brightness and are too elongated.

Lack of light is bad for bonsai development. To avoid this, it is necessary to raise curtains and blinds throughout the day. A fluorescent lamp or a halogen lamp, but not an incandescent lamp, to which many are most accustomed to, will help to increase the daylight hours. A properly selected lamp is placed at a height of no more than 50 cm, such an addition will saturate the plant with the necessary light and increase the daylight hours up to half a day.

Watering

According to experts, watering is laborious. Its frequency and quantity depends on the soil, the capacity where the bonsai grows, evaporation and absorption of liquid. It is for this reason that many consider the correct watering procedure to be impossible. The most optimal option is watering in small portions, but quite frequent in quantity. This option is not available to most gardeners.

Common watering methods include immersion. In order to implement it, it is necessary to take a container larger than the one where the bonsai grows and place the plant there. It will be possible to remove it only when air bubbles no longer rise to the surface. This serves as a signal that the soil no longer needs moisture, but before you put the bonsai in place, you need to let the excess water drain from the pan. The process of saturating the earth with moisture must be monitored so as not to overexpose the bonsai in water, where there is no air for the roots. This is especially important for trees in the middle lane. It is also worth taking into account the state of rest, which falls during the winter period, for which excessive saturation with moisture in the earth is fraught.

In summer, fresh air washes away the leaves of your tree, moisture evaporates more and more from the soil. No matter how busy you are, you need to water at least twice during the day during this period, especially the moisture-loving representatives of the bonsai family. For tropical representatives, even spraying is possible, but within reasonable limits. For the winter period, watering changes its quantity and frequency up to once a week. Before watering the plant, you need to be completely sure that the ground is dry. The light color of the soil indicates the need to add moisture to the bansai. You can also feel the soil, and based on tactile sensations, determine the timing of watering. For the most experienced people who have dedicated their lives to bonsai, this moment is determined by the weight of the pot or pallet where the plant is planted.

You can also prepare a water bath for the summer. To do this, expanded clay, coarse sand, moss, stones (that which absorbs and gives up water well) are placed in a rather deep container. All this is filled with water, and a bansai is installed on top, but in such a way that there is space between the moisture and the pan. It is good to combine such a system with spraying for a better result of creating a humid environment.

Bonsai is an aesthetic enjoyment of an ornamental tree. It is very common to see the hydroponic planting method, which loses the charm and charm inherent in this type of houseplant. This is due to the fact that the pallet is replaced by pots inserted one in one. However, this method of growing and caring for ornamental trees has its positive aspects, but the standard type of bonsai overshadows this method.

Top dressing and fertilizers

Bonsai feeding does not require serious knowledge or laborious process. The most well-known mineral supplements that are suitable for indoor plants will saturate the bansai at least once a month with the essentials. With the onset of winter, feeding is stopped, except for tropical species, if their daylight hours are equal to half a day.

Ornamental trees can be fed by the conventional method, watering the ground from the top, or you can immerse a tray with a plant in a mineral solution, as when watering. A mineral solution prepared from two grams of mineral dressing, which is diluted in one liter of water, is placed in a deep container. Bonsai is in this solution until it is drunk enough, after which it is taken out of the procedural bath.


Living artbonsai

The basics

Basic techniques including trimming, wiring, and watering

Tree types

recommendations for caring for bonsai from the most popular tree species

Inspiration

Bonsai, a living art, cannot fail to inspire

The purpose of the Bonsai Empire is to help you

Bonsai Empire is a community of enthusiasts and experts from all over the world. We invite you to the fascinating world of living bonsai art and help you take your first steps! You can watch the following video for a quick introduction to the basics of bonsai :-)

Oscar founder of the Bonsai Empire



Bonsai - home care

Who among us has not looked at the bizarre shapes of small houseplants known as bonsai? If you, too, have been conquered by the graceful forms of such a tree, then it will be useful for you to find out what kind of care a bonsai plant needs at home.

How to properly care for a bonsai tree?

Indoor bonsai is easy to grow at home, it is not very picky about care and living conditions. The main thing is not to forget to prune the crown in time and observe the requirements for the soil when transplanting. It should be porous, and you should not forget about the acidity level (each plant has its own requirements for it). A mixture of sand, peat and loam is suitable, in a ratio of 2: 4: 4. The temperature requirements for plants are different, but usually it is 10-18 ° C. The main rule that must be observed is that the more light, the better the plant reacts to a rise in temperature, the lower the illumination, the lower the temperature should be. In the spring, when the temperature rises above 10 ° C, the plant can be taken out into the fresh air. If the plant is shade-loving, then it needs to find an appropriate place, for example, in the garden under the trees. At the end of summer, bonsai should be brought into the house so that the plant does not experience a sharp temperature drop.

Regardless of the type of plant being grown, bonsai must be protected from drafts and located away from heating radiators. The bright sun will also not benefit the tree, so it is better to protect it from direct rays.

Watering the plant requires abundant, but only when the soil surface is dry. It is better to water from a watering can with a sieve attachment so that you can gently water the above-ground part of the plant. You cannot use cold water for irrigation.

Home care for a bonsai plant involves pruning it in time. If you forget about it, then from an elegant tree you risk getting a strange-looking overgrown bush. Pruning should be done in the spring, in accordance with the shape of the crown. That is, you need to shorten young shoots and remove old, dry or frail branches and leaves.

You need to replant bonsai every year at the end of winter. In this case, the earth is completely replaced, shaking it off and washing it from the roots. The latter are usually shortened. If you pick up a new bowl for transplanting, then make sure that it is 2-3 cm wider than the previous one, the depth should not increase. If you plant a plant in an old pot, then it must be thoroughly washed. When transplanting, the roots of the plant must be placed horizontally. After transplanting, bonsai must be watered. A special mineral fertilizer with trace elements (5-10 g per bucket of water) will need to be applied 20 days after the procedure. At the same time, you can remove dry leaves and branches.

As you can see, caring for bonsai is no more difficult than for another indoor plant. It's just that such a tree needs a little more attention when forming a crown and transplanting, and the plant does not impose specific requirements for the content. Of course, a lot depends on which plant was turned into bonsai. In this case, you need to care for the bonsai in basically the same way as for the main plant. Of course, this does not apply to transplants and pruning.

Bonsai plant diseases and pests

No matter how hard you try to care for the bonsai tree, the risk of pest damage still remains. Therefore, it is important to inspect the plant periodically, paying particular attention to the underside of the leaves. Bonsai are most commonly affected by aphids, thrips, mealybugs, scale insects, spider mites and whiteflies. In any case, the plant must be cleaned of pests. In case of severe damage, you can spray the tree with special preparations, but you need to be careful with the dosage. And it is better to spray from a distance of 40 cm.

Also, the plant can be affected by gray mold, downy mildew or powdery mildew. Fungicides are used to combat such diseases. But the cause of these problems is over-watering and irregular watering, so his schedule will also need to be adjusted.


Bonsai care books

The book discusses the issues of growing bonsai. Agrotechnical techniques.

Bonsai tree care.

Name: Bonsai

Author: (G, N, Gorbacheva, V.S. Zhitkov, E.T. Mamedova)

What are the different forms and styles of bonsai? Where can I get the right material for growing it? How to form a "living sculpture" correctly? How to give a tree an "ancient" look? The book will be of interest to everyone who loves plants. Both experienced bonsaists and those who are just beginning to become familiar with this ancient beautiful art will find valuable practical advice in it.

Name: Bonsai from trees of European forests

Year: 2000
Author: Kohlhepp V.
Publisher: Christina and K °
Language: Russian
Format: PDF
Quality: Scanned pages
Number of pages: 110
The size: 12.6 Mb


Ficus Microcarpa is propagated by seeds and root and air layers. These methods are quite laborious, so many growers use cuttings to obtain young plants.

Cuttings

Suitable for rooting are young semi-lignified shoots 10-15 cm long, which are cut from the mother plant. The cuttings should be placed in warm water.

This will help remove the milky juice that is interfering with root formation. Wood ash or activated carbon can be added to the water to prevent decay.

After 2-3 weeks, after the roots appear, the shoots are planted in separate pots and cover with a glass jar or bag until the leaves appear.

Ficus Microcarpa grown by cuttings will outwardly resemble Benjamin's usual ficus.

Air layering

For reproduction in this way, 45–50 cm should retreat from the top of the shoot and cut off the bark from a small section of the trunk. Next, the cut is wrapped in moistened moss and covered with plastic wrap. After 3-4 weeks, roots appear at the cut site.

Root processes

A small part of the root is cut off from an adult plant and planted in a container with a peat mixture, leaving about two centimeters above the surface. To maintain the temperature and humidity, the container is covered with a plastic bag, periodically opening it for ventilation and watering. After the emergence of the sprout, the shelter is removed and looked after, as for an adult plant.

Seeds

Ficus seeds are characterized by poor germination, and if stored improperly, they may not sprout. Before planting, the material is stratified and soaked for several hours in water with the addition of a growth stimulant.

Sowing is carried out in early spring. Seeds are spread on the soil surface and lightly sprinkled with sand. The top of the container is covered with glass to create a greenhouse effect. The containers are placed in a warm, bright room, periodically opening them for ventilation. Sprouts appear in 15 to 25 days. After the appearance of real leaves, the plants are dived and planted in small pots.

Before planting in a permanent place in young ficuses, it is necessary to carefully remove the trunk and leaves, leaving most of the root above the soil surface.

IMPORTANT! Ficus Microcarpa has a characteristic appearance. The Sculpted Stem can only be obtained by growing from seeds.


What to do when leaves fall

The difficulties of growing ficus are associated with improper care. Very often, the plant begins to shed its leaves. This can happen for the following reasons:

  • change of growing conditions after purchase
  • natural fall of foliage when changing seasons, temperatures or humidity levels
  • insufficient or too abundant watering
  • alkalization of soil
  • drafts
  • excess or lack of mineral components in the soil
  • pests.

In order for the plant to look attractive. It is necessary to establish and eliminate the cause: adjust the mode of irrigation and fertilization, change the location of the flower and its lighting.

Ficus Microcarpa is an extraordinary plant that needs care and attention. Caring for him is within the power of even novice lovers of indoor plants. Subject to all the rules, the flower will become a real decoration of the house.


Watch the video: Taking Care of a Ginseng Ficus